Madagascar INDC – Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC


Project name: Madagascar INDC – Support to the Malagasy government for the elaboration of its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC

Client / Funder: Expertise France

Project duration: June 2015 – November 2015

Project area: Madagascar

Type of service:  Policy advise


Main objectives: 

  • Provide technical assistance to Madagascar in the preparation of its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to COP21, in particular covering the following aspects:
    • Diagnosis of the existing and possible mitigation efforts and adaptation: current status of mitigation and adaptation policies in Madagascar and means used, analysis of available data, clarification of the possible orientations;
    • Support for the development of GHG emission reduction scenarios and adaptation to climate change, and assessment of their potential impact;
    • Drafting and finalizing the INDC of Madagascar, incorporating the inputs resulting from national consultations and reflecting the realities in the context of the fight against climate change in Madagascar;
    • Communication: to design and submit communication material to be used by Madagascar in the meetings of the COP 21 in Paris.





  • Assess the specific needs of each country with regard to its national circumstances in terms of available data, diagnosis, policies, strategies and plans, actions and programs as well as in terms of needed support towards the elaboration of their INDCs.
  • Assist the formulation of mitigation contributions with regard to national circumstances (highlighting ongoing sectoral actions/programs/policies that are expected to have an incidence on GHG emissions and possible undertakings favoring mitigation), as well as adaptation planning for countries willing to include an adaptation component in their INDC.
  • Assist the institutional process for validation of the INDC
  • Assist the elaboration and formalization of the INDC for submission to the UNFCCC



Main results:  

  • Preparation and development of the Madagascar Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC
  • Submission of the INDC to the UNFCCC






Useful resources:

  • INDC of Madagascar submitted to the UNFCCC (French and English version)
  • Final report
  • Presentation of the INDC to the public

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